National Education Policy 2020 – transforming the educational structure
The New Education policy, a historic decision made by the Union Cabinet, became effective on July 29, 2020, for the Indian education system. On this day, the Ministry of Education made the major educational structure reforms that are part of the newly established National Education policy 2020 public.
The gender and social gap in education has been addressed by National Education policy 2020.Every few decades, education policies are typically revised. The first took place in 1968, the second in 1986, and the third took place in 2020.
WHAT EXACTLY IS THE 2020 NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY?
The first comprehensive, inclusive, and participatory reform of India’s existing educational structure is the National Education policy 2020.Experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, and lessons from best practices are all taken into account in this new Education policy for 2020.
The changes to the Indian education system will have an impact on students, parents, and educators alike.
WHAT ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT TAKEAWAYS FROM THE NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY FOR 2020?
This reform of the Indian education system aims to ensure that no child is left behind. Its purpose is to close the educational gaps that exist right now. So, we can say that the learning-to-learn approach is incorporated into National Education policy 2020.
The Indian government’s primary goal when it launched the National Education policy 2020 was to establish a comprehensive educational structure that is rooted in Indian culture and directly contributes to India’s rapid transformation. It has outlined the policy to be inclusive and empowering for teachers as well as students, recognizing the many facets of global education.
It includes extending quality and experiential learning to all students and recognizing teacher training and development. One of the most important aspects of the National Education policy 2020 is that it explicitly acknowledges that teacher education will be inclusive of students with learning disabilities and special abilities and will take into account gender equality.
- Foundational Stage – early Childhood Classes and Classes 1-2, from a curriculum perspective, the policy divides the Indian education system into 5+3+3+4 stages, replacing the standard 10+2 format and limiting it to classes for students aged 3 to 8 years old.
- Stage Preparatory: Classes 3-5 for students between the ages of 8 and 11
- Center Stage – Classes 6-8 for understudies matured 11-14 years
- Optional Stage – Classes 9-12 for understudies matured 14-18 years.
This new educational structure shapes the system to facilitate global education and paves the way for a better learning environment in many ways.
THE FOLLOWING ARE A FEW OF THE MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY FOR 2020:
- Starting school at the age of three:
The revised policy now requires children between the ages of 3 and 18 to attend school. Twelve years of education and three years of Anganwadi, or pre-schooling, will be included in this new system. A 5+3+3+4 curricular structure for students ages 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14, and 18 will take the place of the current 10+2 structure.
- The adoption of the native language as the medium of instruction:
Even though it adheres to the three-language formula and mandates that no language be imposed on anyone, the National Education policy 2020 places a emphasis on students’ native languages as the medium of instruction. The educational policy stipulates that public and private schools must adhere to the rule that the mother tongue, local language, or regional language will be the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, preferably up to Grade 8 and beyond.
- An All-Inclusive System of Higher Education:
With the exception of the legal and medical Indian education systems, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will now establish a single governing body for the entire higher education system. Public and private higher education institutions must adhere to the same regulatory, accreditation, and academic standards. College affiliation will be phased out by the government in 15 years, and a stage-by-step process will be set up to give colleges graded autonomy.
- The subject streams that will be blurred into one:
The strict divisions between subjects streams will be eliminated in accordance with National Education policy 2020.Across all streams, students will be able to choose which subjects they want to study. Beginning in sixth grade, schools will adopt a vocational education model that will also include internships.
- The FYUP Program Returning and No More Dropouts:
The undergraduate degree will take three or four years to complete. During this time, students will also have a variety of options for exiting. If a student wishes to leave a college after completing a year in a discipline or field, including vocational and professional fields, they will be required to receive a certificate, a diploma, or a Bachelor’s degree after completing a three-year program. The government will set up an Academic Bank of Credit to digitally store academic credits from various higher education institutions so that they can be transferred and added to the final degree.
The Indian education system has been touched by the National Education policy 2020.This policy makes the bold claim that standalone institutions must either adapt to a multidisciplinary model or be forced to close. Under this policy, the state has been given complete freedom in a number of areas. One of the primary goals of the policy is also to improve teaching quality. Since teachers play a crucial role in the educational structure, it will be challenging to raise educational standards without enhancing teacher education. The National Education policy 2020 is an attempt to address the majority of education system complaints that have been unresolved for decades.